Quran and dating
The two surviving leaves were separated in the original codex by a number of missing folios containing the intervening verses of surahs 18 and 19.There are no diacritical marks to indicate short vowels, but consonants are occasionally differentiated with oblique dashes.The writing of the two folios (with text corresponding to chapters 18-20 in the modern Quran) has been placed somewhere between 568 and 645 CE, which is very close to the conventional dating offered for the Prophet’s ministry, 610-632 CE.Given the more than 95% accuracy of the carbon-dating involved, carried out at the Oxford University Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, this discovery indicates that these fragments are in all probability contemporary with the Prophet himself.Recent tests conducted on the oldest known pages of the Quran in existence have determined they were written nearly 1,400 years ago, between 568 and 645 AD.Reports raise the possibility that the fragments are not just contemporary to the Islamic Prophet Mohammed, but that they may predate him.
This has led to hotly contested academic debates about the early or late canonisation of the Quran, with a small handful of scholars claiming that the book is a product of a much later (mid-eighth century and after) age of compilation or even confabulation, when ‘Abbasid-era scholars rationalised and expanded the Muslim religious corpus.in Paris, now bound with the Codex Parisino-petropolitanus; and witness verses corresponding to a lacuna in that text.The Birmingham leaves, now catalogued as Mingana 1572a, are folio size (343 mm by 258 mm at the widest point), all in their present day sequence and conforming to the standard text.“The final authoritative written form was not completed until 650AD under the third leader Caliph Uthman”.
The Quran is the most sacred book of the Islamic faith, and Muslims consider it the direct word of god.
The Quran we see today was compiled into book format by Uthman, the third caliph (reign 644 to 656).